Riebeek-Kasteel is one of the oldest towns in South Africa. The town, together with its sister town Riebeek West, is situated in the Riebeek Valley. During 1661 Commander Jan van Riebeeck initiated an inland discovery expedition under the leadership of Pieter Cruythoff. They set off in the direction of Paardeberg and on 3 February 1661 they ascended a lonely mountain and came upon the fertile vista of the Riebeek Valley.
They named it Riebeek Kasteel, in honor of the Commander. In the 19th century both Jan Smuts and Daniel Malan were born in the outskirts later both becoming prime ministers of the country.
Subsequently farmers established themselves in the valley and during 1900 the town was laid out in and around its existing church and its neighbor The Royal Hotel, the oldest hotel in South Africa. The town eventually developed and today it houses more or less 2700 residents including some of South Africa’s most famous painters.